Luke 23:32-38

2/5/12 V. 32, Two others, criminals, since the Messiah was to be numbered with the transgressors, were to be executed with Jesus.

V. 33, At Calvary, meaning The Skull, they crucified Him between the two criminals.

V. 34, There’s some question of whether Luke actually included the first part of v. 34, but since it’s considered historically accurate it’s included, though sometimes in brackets.

Amid the cruelty Jesus continued to live in another reality, the reality of the kingdom of God. What was happening to Him, though painful, was within God’s plans. Jesus’ responsibility was to live in love no matter what people may do to Him. So He forgave them.

And again, prophecy was fulfilled accurately when they gambled for His clothes.

V. 35, By this time, according to Luke’s account anyway, the crowds were just watching. Perhaps they had grown tired or become disgusted at the way Jesus was being treated. But the rulers of the people had not yet tired of insulting the object of their jealousy. So they mocked Him saying with irony they didn’t understand, “He saved others. Let Him save Himself if He is the Christ of God, His chosen one.”

Just as on Mt. Carmel and other situations, God allowed the forces of evil to show their true colors before finally ending things. Those watching began to discern the true nature of the evil that was happening there on Calvary.

V. 36-38, The soldiers too insulted Jesus, though, I’m sure from different motives and reasons. They were not working from jealousy of Jesus. More likely they were working from peer pressure, callousness, even boredom. They offered Him sour wine, a cheap vinegar wine, and called for Him to save Himself if He was king of the Jews, which was the claim of the sign hung over His head on the cross.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized


Luke 23:26-31

2/4/12 V. 26, Jesus, weak from exhaustion and the beatings and abuse He had received, wasn’t able to carry His own cross. So they seized Simon of Cyrene and forced him to carry Jesus’ cross. Simon followed Jesus bearing His cross, a picture of what every disciple should do. What a privilege it would have been for Peter or John or another of the twelve to have been there to carry the cross. But they missed the opportunity out of fear, and God had to provide a stranger. For this Simon will be grateful for eternity.

V. 27, A great crowd also followed Him, most of them abusing and reviling Him. But some women also followed, mourning and crying for Him.

V. 28, It was as if Jesus did see or hear the rest of the crowd, but these women He noticed. Suffering though He was His heart went out to them in their grief. He told them that they need not weep for Him. His suffering wasn’t the worst thing as far as He was concerned. He was far more concerned about them and their future because of what was happening this day.

V. 29,  Soon the situation for those living in Israel and Jerusalem would be so terrible that people who had no children would be considered the blessed ones rather than the other way around. Jesus was referring to the judgments to fall upon Israel as a result of rejecting Him as Lord and Savior. The first judgment would come in 70 AD when the Romans would sack Jerusalem.

V. 30, The second judgment would be at the Second Coming when all who rejected Jesus during their lives would flee from Him when He comes in power and great glory calling on the mountains to fall on them and cover them.

V. 31, God’s judgment at the moment, though, was being poured out upon Jesus as the representative of Israel. Because Jesus represented Israel He was being judged by God for all of her sins. Yet Jesus was a green tree. Trees represent God’s people. Green trees are those who are in a saving relationship with God, dry trees are those who apostatized and left God. God was judging Israel in Jesus, who was a green tree. He didn’t deserve the judgment falling upon Him. So if God would judge one in such a way who actually is in a saving relationship with Him, what would judgment look like upon those later who do not have such a relationship.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized


Luke 23:13-25

2/3/12 V. 13-16, After Herod retuned Jesus to Pilate Pilate he tried to reason with them that neither he nor Herod found Jesus guilty of the charges they were bringing against Him. So, to pacify the crowd or maybe to encourage Jesus to be more careful to stay out of the way of those who hated Him, Pilate would have Him whipped and then released.

V. 18, The mob, however, wouldn’t accept this and shouted for Jesus’ execution and for Barabbas to be released instead, according to Pilate’s tradition at the feast. Luke’s account makes it sound like they wanted Barabbas to be released, but in other accounts it sounds more like Pilate picked a criminal to offer them that would make Jesus sound good. But the people were more willing to release a murderer into their streets than one who would bring them life.

V. 19, Ironically, the very charge of insurrection they were bringing against Jesus Barabbas was actually guilty of.

V. 20-22, Pilate tried again to release Jesus, but the mob wouldn’t be pacified shouting, “Crucify, crucify him!” Again, spineless Pilate tried to reason his way out of the situation. Even before the mob had been whipped into their frenzy Pilate could have simply stated that Jesus would be released and not taken any questions. Instead he tried to argue with the crowd, offering to whip Jesus but then release him.

V. 23-24, But the crowd insisted and shouted and Pilate feared an uprising and decided that sacrificing one insignificant man was better than sacrificing a whole lot of people in a riot. And besides, news of a riot under his watch would get back to Rome, which he didn’t want.

V. 25, So he released Barabbas, murderer and rebel, to them and handed Jesus, healer and peacemaker, over to their will.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized


Luke 23:1-5

2/2/12 V. 1-2, The council along with a large crowd of people took Jesus to Pilate and began accusing Jesus with a couple of charges that normally Rome would have taken seriously: subversion and kingship. The claim of subversion was based on the lie that Jesus was encouraging people not to pay taxes. The claim of kingship was based on Jesus’ messianic claims.

V. 3, Pilate skipped the claim about subversion and went straight to the kingship asking Jesus if He was king of the Jews. Jesus replied in the say words He said to the Sanhedrin, “You say so.” In other words, “Yes, but not in the way you are thinking.”

V. 4, Pilate recognized that Jesus was no threat to Rome. He knew the Jewish leadership well enough to recognize they were not motivated by a desire for Rome’s good. They hated Jesus for some other reason.

V. 5, But they persisted in the only charges they could bring against Jesus that Rome might listen to, which was Jesus’ threat to Rome. They had seen all kinds of people executed even on trumped up charges when Rome felt that this would be better for it’s stability.

V. 6, The Jews mentioned that Jesus had begun His work in Galilee, which Pilate keyed into right away, inquiring whether Jesus was from there.

V. 7, When he found out Jesus was from Herod Antipas’ jurisdiction he was pleased to be able to hand Jesus off to him. Pilate thought he had evaded the situation. Herod was in town for the feast, so it was easy for Jesus to be sent to him.

V. 8, Herod was pleased also at being able to meet Jesus, because he had been wishing to see Him for a long time. He wanted to be entertained by seeing Jesus perform some miracle.

V. 9-10, The Jewish leaders were there madly accusing Jesus and Herod questioned Him at length, but Jesus never answered a word to Herod, which enraged Herod.

V. 11, So if Jesus wouldn’t entertain them they decided to entertain themselves at His expense, mocking Him, dressing Him in royal clothes, and treating Him with contempt. Eventually, they tired of their sport and Herod, not having the guts to execute Jesus himself, sent Him back to Pilate.

V. 12, Pilate and Herod had been enemies but this common experience gave them a reason to become friends.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized


Luke 22:63-71

2/1/12 V. 63, The guards near Jesus began to mock and beat Him.

V. 64, This was, according to some, a variation on an ancient game involving blindfolds. (See NET Notes).

V. 65, Momentum for the mistreatment of Jesus built among the mob and they thought of more and more creative ways to insult Him as they waited for day to break so that they could continue their mock trial.

V. 66-67, When day finally came the Sanhedrin officially gathered and brought Jesus into the council. They demanded of Him that He tell them outright if He was the promised Messiah. Jesus answered them that it wouldn’t do any good for Him to answer their questions since they did not intend to believe Him.

V. 68, Neither would they answer Him if He were to question them. In other words, this is a sham trial, not a true investigation of truth.

V. 69, But then Jesus did answer in order that all things would be fulfilled. He answered that from this time on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God. Out of respect for the holy name of God the Jews had many circumlocutions for referring to God. One of them was the right hand of power, which was a reference to Ps. 110:1.

V. 70, Just to confirm, then, the council said, “You are the Son of God then?” Jesus replied, “You say that I am.” In other words, “I am, but not in the way you mean.”

V. 71, They regarded this as clinching their case against Jesus. Jesus was guilty of blasphemy because He was equating Himself with God.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized


Luke 22:54-62

1/31/12 V. 54, When Jesus was arrested all the disciples fled but Peter apparently didn’t go far and began following at a distance, and so did John we know from John’s account. They were afraid but weren’t totally deserting Jesus.

V. 55, The only people that would have been in the courtyard at such a time, it seems, was the mob who had arrested Jesus. They built a fire for warmth and Peter did a pretty brave thing coming into the circle and sitting with them. I suppose he was counting on the anonymity of the darkness in the garden. If he had been in the shadows mostly maybe the people wouldn’t recognize him.

V. 56-60, But a slave girl did recognize him, and said so. Peter, denied it and according to Luke it was dropped for a little bit, until someone else recognized him, and again he denied it. An hour passed but people were evidently mulling Peter over in their minds until finally someone insisted that Peter had to be one of them because he was a Galilean. His accent gave him away, says Mark. He must have been talking, trying to blend in. But once again Peter denied it. While the words were still leaving his mouth the rooster crowed.

V. 61, Then Jesus, in the middle of His trial, turned and looked straight at Peter, a pained expression on His face (see Desire of Ages). Then Peter remembered “the word of the Lord.” This is a special phrase filled with meaning. It’s the phrase used of the prophets and all sorts of places to indicate that this was a divine prophecy.

V. 62, Peter’s heart sank. He had not wanted to do this and he had done it anyway. He was absolutely crushed to discover his own weakness and betrayal of his Master. He ran out and wept bitterly.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized


Luke 22:47-53

1/30/12 V. 47, While Jesus was waking up the disciples and they would have still be groggy, suddenly a mob rushed into the garden, Judas in the lead. He walked up to Jesus to kiss Him.

V. 48, Before Judas kissed Him, though, Jesus asked him pointedly if he really intended to betray God with a kiss. This should have pulled Judas up short. He was doing the same thing Lucifer had done long before, thinking that he knew at least as well or better than God Himself. If Jesus was who He claimed to be then Judas had no business second guessing Him. No doubt Judas refused to look at the situation quite that way, but ultimately that was how it was.

V. 49, By this time the disciple had been jarred fully awake. They remembered Jesus’ comment about the swords and with adrenaline flowing asked if now was the time.

V. 50, Peter, though, didn’t wait to be told. A man of quick decision and action he struck the high priest’s slave, severing his right ear.

V. 51, Eote eos is often translated “Enough of this” or “Stop this.” YNG translates it “suffer ye thus far” and the margin of NASB give an alternative of “Let me at least do this.” So Jesus’ words could be in understood in a variety of ways. He may have been telling the disciples to cease and desist. He may have been telling them to let Him handle the situation. He may have been speaking to the mob or to Malcus in particular to let Him heal the ear, which He then proceeded to do. John’s account mentions that at this point Jesus had already been tied.

V. 52, After healing the ear (and while Jesus was being re-tied, I suppose) Jesus asked the mob why they had come against Him like a criminal. Jesus’ question set in a clear light the ridiculous nature of their stunt. They were like immature children full of their own self importance assigning a great deal of seriousness to what they were doing. There was in fact a great deal of seriousness to what they were doing, but not in the way they imagined.

V. 53, Jesus went on to point out that He had been working in full view of everyone. He wasn’t hiding His activities. He had been in the temple each day. If there was really criminal activity going on why not arrest Him then?

They, of course, couldn’t answer Him, so Jesus answers the question for them saying that this is the way and time of the power of darkness.  He understood that this was the way it was supposed to be.

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Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Uncategorized